Growing one’s own marijuana is becoming a trend these days as it contains immense positive associations. In spite of legal issues, people want to try their hands at growing their own marijuana plants. Speculations on this plant, its sub-standard market quality, use of harmful fertilizers and superficial claims by the sellers bring in a lot of dilemma before buying marijuana. To clear such uncertainties individuals, continue to grow their own marijuana. The first step begins with choosing either an indoor or an outdoor setup that would ideally suit the growth of marijuana. Subsequent decisions on the type of strain and equipment required have to be made.
Growing marijuana is also highly fulfilling like growing other horticultural plants. Once the plant grows, a feeling of triumph comes along with it. Growing a single marijuana plant is enormously beneficial in several ways. Concentrated efforts towards a single plant make it grow much better. With one plant, legal issues reduce down. The cultivation process remains inexpensive because it reduces the number of resources, need for expensive equipment and larger growing setups. To begin with, it’s always better to grow one plant a time as it saves time and money. Also, the need for nutrients, soil, light and water to grow one marijuana plant is just minimal.
Now to proceed further it is important to know certain basic information about marijuana. Marijuana is also called as a flowering weed. It grows its bud only once in a year. As the sunlight begins to decline the plant starts to grow its bud. Even if the plant is grown in an indoor setup, lighting continues to influence its growth. 12 hours of exposure to light allows the plant to begin flowering. If the plant begins to flower early it would contribute to a smaller harvest. The plant takes about 45 days’ time to reach its vegetative state. The higher the sunlight, the better the flowering during the vegetative state.
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Lighting plays an important role in the growth of marijuana plant during its vegetative state. For a single plant, the lighting costs are low. In the case of a window located adjacent to the plant, a fluorescent light can prove to be the best lighting option when the sun sets. Other options that provide minimal light on and off the day include a T5, a T8 or a CFL. In the case of the absence of a window, maximum light is required for the growth of marijuana. A 250-watt light bulb, HPS bulb and MH bulb provide bright and maximum lighting to support the plant’s growth.
Temperature and humidity are among the most important factors that influence the growth of marijuana. The temperature during the day should be around 68 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit and during the night it should drop down by 15 degrees. A relatively dry environment has to be maintained around the plant. Dry atmospheres allow easy and quick respiration by removing the moisture from marijuana leaves. This offers a better environment to support the plant’s growth. But if the temperature is too warm along with a completely dry environment it deprives the plant of its healthy growth. Strike a right balance between temperature and humidity to optimize growth.
The quality of water and process of watering are the other prime aspects that support the growth of marijuana. Chlorinated water is not suited for marijuana plants. The water has to be treated with anti-chlorine drops before use. Water used should be brought down to room temperature as ice-cold water brings lethal shocks to the plant. The quantity of water used also plays a crucial role. For plants growing in three gallons of soil, three quarts of water are required. The moisture has to be evenly maintained in the soil. Overwatering is a serious concern when plants are constantly watered without a proper need.
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Once all the prerequisites are met and the seeds are purchased, it’s time to begin the germination. Simple and effective germination steps contribute to the maximum growth potential of the marijuana plant. Transfer the seed and cover it completely with a quarter inch to half inch soil. The soil should be moist. It has to be maintained at 75-degree temperature. After 3 to 7 days’ tiny sprout arises. After germination of many seeds in the same format, it has to be planted into the soil. Soil should remain moist but never completely wet. Once they are planted they require maximum light to promote growth.
Following germination, the vegetative stage begins when branches and leaves are formed and the plant continues to grow in height. The stem becomes extremely thick. The vegetative phase for a single plant lasts for 30 days. Leaves by the process of photosynthesis absorb energy from the sunlight and contributes to flowering stage of the plant. During the flowering stage of the plant, it requires 12 hours of uninterrupted sunlight or lamp light and 12 hours of complete darkness to attain maximum growth. The flowering stage takes place for about 8 to 10 weeks until the plant is ready for the harvest.
Harvesting is carried out by eliminating the buds and the leaves curling around the marijuana plant. Curing is the next vital step that follows immediately after harvest. The plant has to be dried by allowing it to be hung upside down in a cool, dry room for days together. Once the plant is dried it has to be stored in sterile glass jars with tightly closed lids. The air that is present in the jar initiates the curing process. Mold growth occurs during curing which can be prevented by keeping the jars dry. Distinct aroma and texture developed in marijuana indicate the completion of curing.
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